New Brunswick has issued a warning over the growing number of cases of chlamydia, particularly among youths. “If you are under 30 and you are breathing you need a chlamydia test," stated the deputy chief medical officer. Although over 1,800 New Brunswick youths have been diagnosed, a focus group has revealed that most youths in New Brunswick are unaware of the risks infection poses. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that can lead to infertility in both women and men if untreated (although sterility is a very rare complication in men). Having chlamydia also increases the likelihood of becoming infected with HIV if exposed to it.