Research & Policy

151 articles
U.S. Stockpile of Costly Smallpox Drug Deemed Unnecessary by Experts
Mar 15, 2013 | Lauren Edmundson

The U.S. government received its first shipment of an order of 2 million doses of smallpox medication last week. The government is stockpiling the...

A Crucial Push for Improved Global Health Statistics
Mar 12, 2013 | Alex Ocampo

How many people worldwide suffer from malaria? How many children died last year in Bolivia and of what causes? Which clinics in the developing world...

HIV Cure in Mississippi?
Mar 8, 2013 | Lauren Edmundson

Doctors in Mississippi are believed to have cured an infant of HIV by initiating high-dosage treatment with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs within hours...

International Women's Day: Searching for Equality in STEM Fields
Mar 8, 2013 | Jane Huston

March 8th marks International Women’s Day, a day to commemorate the achievements of women and raise awareness of persisting gender inequalities in...

Rubella Vaccine Campaign Ready to Launch in Rwanda
Mar 1, 2013 | Lauren Edmundson

Donors plan to launch a measles and rubella vaccine campaign in Rwanda after previous successes with the measles vaccine. This will be the first...

Who Will Pay for Cholera in Haiti?
Mar 1, 2013 | Amy L. Sonricker Hansen

The United Nations (UN) last week rejected a legal claim for compensation to Haitian cholera victims and families, citing diplomatic immunity. The...

Microorganisms in Microgravity: Spaceflight Experiments Reveal New Properties of Pathogens
Feb 28, 2013 | Steven Purcell

The International Space Station (ISS), orbiting some 220 miles above earth at a speed of 17,000 miles per hour, is a modern marvel and the pride of...

Creating Connections: How Transportation Data can Predict Pandemics
Feb 26, 2013 | Katharina Schwan

A historical look at the bubonic plague’s trail of terror across Europe in the 1300s reveals interesting epidemiological data when compared to modern...

First New Tuberculosis Vaccine Trial in Nearly a Century Yields Disappointing Results
Feb 12, 2013 | Steven Purcell

The first major study in nearly a century intended to test a new tuberculosis vaccine in infants was ineffective. The ‘MVA85A’ vaccine had been the...

At Least Nine Polio Workers Killed in Nigeria
Feb 11, 2013 | David Scales

On Friday, Feb. 8, at least nine young women working on a polio vaccination campaign were targeted and killed by gunmen in two separate incidents in...

First Cases of Vaccine-Resistant Whooping Cough Found in United States
Feb 8, 2013 | Lauren Edmundson

In a letter to the editor published in the New England Journal of Medicine, doctors have identified twelve cases of pertussis that do not respond to...

There’s No Sneezing at Flu Costs
Feb 4, 2013 | Catherine Stecyk

Influenza—apart from physical discomfort— brings economic consequences, as well. Experts estimate that the overall cost of influenza to the...

Study Links Orchards with Mosquitoes Carrying West Nile in the United States
Feb 1, 2013 | Lauren Edmundson

A new study published in the journal PLOS ONE has found a link between West Nile virus prevalence and land use, climate and wildlife populations in...

New Tool to Reduce HIV Transmission: Thinner Syringes
Jan 25, 2013 | Lauren Edmundson

New research published in the International Journal of Drug Policy suggests that widespread use of thinner syringes could reduce HIV transmission...

A New Vaccine With Boutique-y Bacteria
Jan 25, 2013 | Jason Hayes

An article in this month’s issue of PNAS indicates that scientists successfully engineered a new tool that may change the way we design vaccines....

Thimerosal To Return To Vaccines?
Dec 21, 2012 | Anna Tomasulo

In a press release from Dec. 17, the American Academy of Pediatrics endorsed the World Health Organization’s recommendation that thimersol, an...

Cluster of Deadly Fungal Infection Investigated in Post-Tornado Joplin, Missouri
Dec 12, 2012 | Steven Purcell

On May 22, 2011, the town of Joplin, Missouri was ravaged by a tornado that left nearly 160 dead and over 1000 injured. Of the injured, was a subset...

New Method to Diagnose Malaria
Dec 10, 2012 | Adham Abdel Mottalib

Thanks to a team of researchers at Aarhus University in Denmark, it is now possible to conduct a highly sensitive malaria diagnosis from a single...

CDC Celebrates Antibiotic Resistance Awareness
Nov 28, 2012 | Katharina Schwan

Nietzsche was right, though “that which does not kill bacteria makes them stronger” may have been more accurate. Seventy years ago, the advent of...

From Pigs to Monkeys, Ebola Goes Airborne
Nov 21, 2012 | Jane Huston

When news broke that the Ebola virus had resurfaced in Uganda, investigators in Canada were making headlines of their own with research indicating...

Human Trials for Ebola Vaccine?
Nov 8, 2012 | Jason Hayes

Recent Ebola outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda underscore a persistent challenge about the terrifying little virus: we don’t...

New HIV Test is Ten Times Cheaper, More Sensitive
Oct 30, 2012 | Lauren Edmundson

A study published in Nature Nanotechnology on Oct. 28 reports the invention of an HIV test that is ten times cheaper and more sensitive than existing...

TB Rates Fall, But Many Hurdles Remain
Oct 26, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

The WHO published its annual Global Tuberculosis Report 2012 last week, providing a recap of the latest data and analysis regarding the tuberculosis...

DRC and Ugandan Muslims Banned from Mecca for Fear of Ebola and Cholera
Oct 22, 2012 | Lauren Edmundson

The Saudi Arabian government has banned people from Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from making this year’s pilgrimage to Mecca...

Prevent Flu This Season with Vaccines and Digital Tools
Oct 10, 2012 | Lauren Edmundson

With the start of October, flu season has arrived, and the CDC has recommended that everyone six months of age and older get a vaccine before...

Gene Sleuths Identify Novel Hemorrhagic Fever Virus
Oct 3, 2012 | Katharina Schwan

In 2009, a fifteen-year-old boy walked into a rural health clinic in western Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) displaying symptoms of acute...

Gene Might Hold a Clue for Why HIV Progresses in Some But Not Others
Oct 1, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

UC San Diego researchers have discovered that a gene found in some human cells can inhibit HIV from replicating – perhaps shedding light on why some...

More Climate Change Woes: Avian Malaria Now Found in the Arctic
Sep 26, 2012 | Katharina Schwan

For the first time, scientists were able to confirm that Plasmodium, the parasite that causes malaria, exists and is transmissible in the frigid...

Newly Discovered Mosquito Virus Could Lead to Vaccines and Treatments
Sep 25, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

Researchers have identified a previously unknown virus that could pave the way for important medical innovations against dangerous mosquito-borne...

New Malaria-Carrying Mosquito Found in Kenya
Sep 19, 2012 | Anna Tomasulo

Malaria is transmitted to humans by Anopheles mosquitoes. Within the Anopheles genus (“genus” being a group of organisms with common characteristics...

England Launches Controversial Badger Cull to Stop Bovine TB
Sep 19, 2012 | Lauren Edmundson

Officials in England have issued the first license for a cull of the badger population in Gloucestershire following an outbreak of bovine...

Dengue Vaccine Candidate Falls Short in Clinical Trial
Sep 14, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

The full results of a clinical trial testing a potential dengue vaccine were published Tuesday in the Lancet, in a study that both disappointed and...

Ethnic Disparities in Flu Vaccine Coverage
Sep 13, 2012 | Katharina Schwan

Vaccine uptake has been a front-page issue over the past year, given the epidemic levels of whooping cough in some U.S. states and the upsurge of...

Lenient Standards Lead to More Medical Exemptions From Vaccines in Kindergartners
Sep 7, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

In states where medical exemptions for school vaccinations are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, according to a new study published late...

2011-2012: Year of the Bat
Aug 25, 2012 | Amy L. Sonricker Hansen

The year 2011-2012 has been declared the “Year of the Bat” by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Convention on the Conservation of...

Study Shows Malaria Is Over-diagnosed in Afghanistan
Aug 17, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

It seems logical to think that over diagnosing an illness would not bring too much harm – better safe than sorry, right? Wrong. A study, published...

FDA Approves 2012-2013 Influenza Vaccine
Aug 15, 2012 | Anna Tomasulo

Early this week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced its approval of vaccines for the 2012 – 2013 influenza season. In a post from last...

Malaria in Pregnancy: A Solvable Problem
Aug 9, 2012 | Alex Ocampo

While its infectious cycle, treatment, and prevention are well understood, malaria remains one of the most dangerous endemic infectious diseases in...

New Study Finds Rabies May Not Always Be Fatal
Aug 6, 2012 | Lauren Edmundson

A study published on August 1 in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene reported that rabies may not be fatal in all patients who do...

Potential Dengue Vaccine Shows Promise in Thailand Trial
Jul 31, 2012 | Robyn Correll Carlyle

French pharmaceutical company Sanofi Pasteur announced Wednesday that its dengue vaccine candidate showed significant success during a study...