Although West Nile Virus gets much of the press, mosquitoes carry other diseases as well. This week, North Carolina saw its first confirmed case of La Crosse Encephalitis this summer. Like West Nile Virus, most people who are infected with La Crosse Encephalitis do not become ill. In a small number of people the infection affects the nervous system and can lead to seizures, coma, and paralysis. North Carolina has one of the highest rates of La Crosse Encephalitis in the US.